INREF

The worlds most favourite fruit crop

“This research project addresses the management and containment of Fusarium wilt in global banana production under different production settings in a range of agro-ecological environments and various governance structures. It aims at the development and implementation of innovative tools and methods to manage

Fusarium wilt and to contain the vicious Tropical Race 4. Partners comprising all relevant stakeholders throughout the banana chain for domestic and export markets are financing and supporting the research that is carried out by a multi disciplinary team of researchers and students.“

More information about the
INterdisciplinary
Research and
Education
Fund
(INREF) >>

Genetic and pathogenic diversity

Study and map the genetic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense genotypes in different banana growing regions. Determine their pathological profile in relation to established race nomenclature and genetic characterization methods, including Vegetative Compatibility Group analyses.

nadia.ordonezroman@wur.nl

Nadia Ordonez R

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences Wageningen University & Research

Genetic basis of resistance to Fusarium wilt

Study the genetic diversity in banana for resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense particularly to Tropical Race 4 and determine the genetics and mechanisms of resistance in order to support breeding and genetic engineering.

fernando.garciabastidas@wur.nl

Fernando Garcia B.

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences Wageningen University & Research

Epidemiology and agro-ecology of Fusarium

Epidemiology and agro-ecology of Fusarium

Develop and optimize Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense molecular diagnostics and utilize it to study the epidemiology of Fusarium and quantify the effect of disease management strategies on Tropical Race 4 in the Philippines.

maricar.salacinas@wur.nl

Maricar Salacinas

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences Wageningen University & Research

Relation between disease pressure and diversity

Relation between disease pressure and diversity

Determine the effect of diverse agro-ecological conditions and mixed cropping on the severity of Fusarium wilt in various local banana and plantain crops related to the diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense and soil life in East Africa.

erima_r@kari.go.ug

Erima Rockefeller

Graduate school: Production Ecology and Resource Conservation (PE&RC), Wageningen University & Research

Interactions between abiotic stress and crop vulnerability

Interactions between abiotic stress and crop vulnerability

Study the effect of abiotic stress or specific farm management strategies on the alleviation of disease pressure in susceptible banana germplasm in areas infested with Race 1 of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense.

rafael.seguramena@wur.nl

Rafael Segura

Graduate school: Production Ecology and Resource Conservation (PE&RC), Wageningen University & Research

Coordination in disease management in the Philippines

Study the enabling and constraining mechanisms for coordination and joint action in managing Fusarium wilt in the banana industry in southern Mindanao, Philippines.

marilou.montiflor@wur.nl

Marilou O. Montiflor

Graduate school: Wageningen School of Social Sciences, Wageningen University & Research

Multi-level governance

Determine the conditions for effective forms of governance that help to control Fusarium wilt at different levels, including (1.) Identification of actors and review of current governance options; (2.) Interaction between different levels of governance and impact; (3.) Effect of the diversity of regulatory frameworks on trans boundary disease control and (4.) Governance options for the management of Fusarium wilt.

jaye.delacruz@wur.nl

Rosselynn Jaye de la Cruz

Graduate school: Wageningen School of Social Sciences, Wageningen University & Research

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KNAW-SPIN

Scientific Program Indonesia Netherlands

“The overall objective of this program of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences is to deliver fundamental knowledge on banana, Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense and their mutual interaction with or without a

soil component. The program is connected with a social science framework recognizing the relevance of human behavior and collective responses for sustaining local banana production in Indonesia.“

More information about the
Royal
Netherlands
Academy of
Arts and
Sciences
(KNAW) >>

Genome wide diversity analyses

Genome wide diversity analyses

Determine the genetic diversity of banana in its center of origin along with the incumbent Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense strains. Along with careful phenotypical data and expert knowledge about the taxonomy of wild banana accessions and the pathogenicity of Fusarium on this wide arrays of accessions, new associations will unveil candidate resistance genes in this banana germplasm and Fusarium haplotypes will be identified that are

nani_maryani@yahoo.com

Nani Maryani

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences, Wageningen University & Research

Cytogenetics of banana and its relation with breeding for resistance

In this project the foundation for a fundamental understanding of the genetics and transmission of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense resistance in banana will be laid by classical genetics and state-of-art cytological techniques to pave the way to transmission of the desired resistance gene(s) by classical breeding or cisgenic engineering.

kangfajar@yahoo.com

Fajarudin Ahmad

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences, Wageningen University & Research

Fusarium suppression by banana-endophytic microbiome interactions

The objectives of my research are:
1) To investigate the differences in composition and metabolic potential of the banana endophytic  microbial community between healthy and Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Foc) tropical race 4 (TR4)-infected Cavendish.
2) To investigate the differences in composition and metabolic potential of the endophytic microbial community between banana cultivars susceptible or resistant to Foc TR4.

Molecular deciphering of the banana-Fusarium interaction

In this project, we will capitalize on the latest genomics results on the host and pathogen side and use RNA sequencing and comparative genomics approaches to unveil genes and their expression during pathogenesis in compatible and incompatible interactions. This will reveal suites of candidate fungal effector genes and host resistance genes that are crucial to eventually understand the molecular control of incompatibility in the banana-Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense interaction.

sw_nugraheni.ofc23@yahoo.com

Sri Widinugraheni

Graduate school: Experimental Plant Sciences, University of Amsterdam (UvA)

Hidden role of banana in mixed farming and rural livelihoods

Hidden role of banana in mixed farming and rural livelihoods

This project inquires how farmers, either individually or collectively, respond to Fusarium wilt that potentially undermines this stability in income generation, and how these responses are shaped by the dynamics within the social networks and institutional arrangements wherein farmers’ household strategies are embedded.

nawireja@hotmail.com

Iman Nawireja

Graduate school: Wageningen School of Social Sciences, Wageningen University & Research

The systemic nature of Fusarium wilt

This integrative post-doc project takes the biology of banana growing as an entry point for developing a methodology that enables investigating the interaction between human capacity to manage diseases that easily spread across the boundaries of individual farms. It relates this problem-solving capacity to the mediating, feedback and selection mechanisms in rural communities, technological innovation systems and public regulation.

rilus_kinseng@hotmail.com

Dr. Rilus A. Kinseng (post-doc)

Institution: Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

arif@faperta.ugm.ac.id

Dr. Arif Wibowo (post-doc)

Institution: Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

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PROMOBANANA

Protect and Modernize Phillippine Banana Production

“PromoBanana is a public private partnership to build-up a professional laboratory service capacity for the Philippine banana sector.”

More information about the
Netherlands
Enterprise
Agency
(RVO) >>

Project purpose

Establish a professional service laboratory for banana farmers to detect and contain fast spreading diseases and to optimize fertilizer management. Therefore, PromoBanana will introduce innovative disease diagnostic tools and soil analysis instruments and develop novel partnerships linking the different actors in the banana sector. As a result, PromoBanana strives for ensured food security, improved resource use and strengthened resilience of a volatile sector.

The problem

The overarching problems of banana production in the Philippines are caused by plant diseases. Fusarium wilt is extremely virulent on the Cavendish and Lacatan crops that are destined for export and domestic fresh fruit markets. They make up over 60% of the national production. Every banana grower deals with them. PromoBanana provides diagnostic capacity and delivers service and training. This enables growers to respond appropriately to Panama disease and black Sigatoka.

Output and outcome

PromoBanana establishes a professional laboratory and services the entire banana sector for higher production, improved efficiency in land use and inputs, a better business climate and provides tailored information packages and access to better developed markets.

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Securing the future of the UK’s favourite fruit

The British Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) granted a project to the University of Exeter on “Securing the future of the UK’s favourite fruit”. The UK is highly dependent on imported fruit and vegetables that make up eighty per cent of the market.

Yet, fruit is a key component of a healthy diet, often overlooked in studies of global food security that tend to focus on the major grains. Reliance on imports makes the UK vulnerable to instabilities in international production and supply, placing the issue of resilience of the UK food system firmly in a global context.

Project purpose

The projects’ goal is to secure the future of the UK’s favourite fruit, and provide a case study for improving the resilience of other vulnerable imported commodities.

The problem

More than five billion bananas are purchased in Britain each year. Though hundreds of banana varieties are grown around the world for domestic consumption, only one variety, Cavendish, is internationally traded. A new virulent strain of the Panama Disease causing fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, Tropical Race 4 (TR4), threatens Cavendish. No alternative tradable varieties are available, and no chemical disease controls exist. The vulnerability of the banana trade is an extreme case of the more general issue of imported crops that are vulnerable to emerging pests and diseases.

Approach & results

In this multidisciplinary research programme, the UN FAO World Banana Forum (WBF) will collate detailed data on production levels, disease impacts, and mitigation methods. In this project patterns, trends and drivers of banana production, including pests, diseases, management, and climate, will be analyzed to provide robust models of production and how this could vary in the future as diseases spread and the climate changes.

Wageningen University and Research will test a new antifungal compound against TR4, to determine whether chemical control could mitigate production impacts while alternative resistant varieties remain under development.

In addition, an economic model will be developed that characterizes the main features of the UK value chain, forming the basis for assessing the price transmission impacts following shocks in upstream markets and, by extension, the impact on UK consumers and the responses by UK food retailers and other market intermediaries. The theoretical framework will be calibrated and simulates the impact of projected production shocks in exporting countries on UK consumers, and derives the welfare impact for participants at each stage of the value chain.

Stakeholders are involved

Via the UN FAO World Banana Forum (WBF), the UK charity Banana Link and the food sector consultancy 3Keel the UK retail sector are engaged along with other stakeholders in rigorous key informant analysis of potential responses to vulnerabilities in the sector, impacts of prices rises on the UK consumer, feedbacks to producers, and strategies to improve resilience to production shocks.

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